FSM Participant Studies

Ludlow, Lynn and George Frost, San Francisco Examiner
12/9/1984, The Free Speech revolutionaries, 20 years later
12/10/1984, Two decades do not dim credos of the UC rebels
12/11/1984, Free Speech patrimony scatter to the winds
12/12/1984, 'Biggest convulsion in history of education'
12/13/1984, Those who still look for ways to escape
12/14/1984, Nuclear war fears unite former FSM activists

3/24/1982, Los Angeles Times, The Aging Revolutionaries by Al Martinez

December 1965 & January 1966, Liberation Magazine, "Generational Revolt in the Free Speech Movement" Gerald Rosenfield

12/9/1964, Tri City Herald, Most Of Arrested Cal Students Rank Above Average Scholastically,
"Most of the 784 persons arrested in the sit-in at Sproul Hall on the University of California's Berkeley campus were students who rank well above average scholastically, a graduate student study contends. More than half of those arrested do not belong to any major political organizations, according to the report issued yesterday by a group of graduate political science students. THEIR REPORT, A 40-page history and analysis of the student Free Speech Movement at Berkeley also contends that most of the non students arrested Dec. 3 had "some clear identification with the campus community." Students who made up the report call themselves the fact-finding committee of graduate political scientists. They say their study was compiled from questionnaires, documents of the Free Speech committee and administration, and from personal observation."

Michael Rossman's Bibliography

Though most studies listed here are concerned only with participants, a few use participant studies as background for conflict analysis.

This list is not complete. If you know of other pertinent references, please tell us. Copies of their texts, as well as of those listed already, would save us some work. We'd particularly appreciate help in securing permissions to put these studies online.

Abeles, Ronald P. and Kenneth Keniston
1973      "The continued radicalism of Berkeley Free Speech Movement arrestees." Unpublished paper.

Abramowitz, Stephen I. and Alberta J. Nassi
1981      "Keeping the faith: psychosocial correlates of activism persistence into middle adulthood." Journal of Youth and Adolescence 10:507-23

Bay, Christian
1967      "Political and apolitical students: facts in search of theory."  Journal of Social Issues 23(3):34-51 - excerpt

Demartini, Joseph
1982      "The 1960s activists today." Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association, San Francisco.

Haan, Norma, M. Brewster Smith and Jeanne H. Block
1968      "Moral reasoning of young adults: poitical-social behavior, family background and personality correlates." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 10:183-201

Heist, Paul
1966      "Intellect and committment: the faces of discontent." In O.W., Knorr and W.J. Mintner (eds.), Order and freedom on the campus. Center for the Study of Higher Eduction; Boulder, Colo.: Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education 61-69

Lipset, S. M. and Philip Altbach
1966      "Student Politics and Higher Education in the United States." Comparative Education Review 10(2):320-349

Lyons, Glenn
1965      'The police-car demonstraton: a survey of participants." In S.M. Lipset and S.S. Wolin (Eds.), The Berkeley Student Revolt. New York,: Anchor Books, 1965.

Maidenberg, Michael and Philip Meyer
1970      "The Berkeley rebels five years later" Detroit Free Press (Seven-part series, Feb. 1-7, based on survey of 230 FSM participants.)

Nassi, Alberta J.
1981      "Survivors of the sixties: comparative psychosocial and political development of former Berkeley student activists." American Psychologist 36:753-61

Nassi, Alberta J. and Stephen I. Abramowitz
1979      "Transition or transformation? Personal and political development of former Berkeley Free Speech Movement activists." Journal of Youth and Adolescence 8:21-35

Somers, Robert H.
1965      "The mainsprings of the rebellion: a survey of Berkeley students in November 1964." In S.M. Lipset and S.S. Wolin (Eds.), The Berkeley Student Revolt New York,: Anchor Books, 1965

Trent, James W. and Judith L. Craise
1967      "Committment and Conformity in the American College". Journal of Social Issues 23(3):34-51

Trow, Martin
1965      "Some lessons from Berkeley". (Paper for Annual Meeting of the American Council on Education, Washington, D.C. 10/7/65.)

Watts, William A. and Whittaker, David N.
1966      "Some socio-psychological differences between highly-committed members of the Free Speech Movement and the student population at Berkeley." Journal of Applied Behavioral Science2(1): 41-62